Mammal | Northwestern Scotland
Ruby, our Scottish Highland cow, is very inquisitive but shy and will not usually approach strangers. She is fairly calm throughout the year, but on the first large snowfall, she frolics through the snow like an energetic calf!
Scottish Highland cattle have long, thick, course hair to protect them from cold temperatures and moist conditions common to the Scottish Highlands. This breed appears to be more resistant to common bovine diseases than other cattle breeds.
Red is the most common color found today, but Highlanders can be found in black, dun, silver, and yellow. Horns are found on both males and females.
In the wild: Rough plant matter such as grasses, lichens, and mosses
At the Zoo: Mixture of timothy and alfalfa hay
Highlands of Scotland, a rugged, remote rocky region comprising Northwestern Scotland with mountains and course vegetation throughout
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) – not evaluated
Although domestic cattle are not threatened, there are five Bovid species which are in need of protections:
Bos gaurus (Gaur)
Found in India, Bhutan, Nepal, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Malaysia
Bos javanicus (Banteng)
Found in Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, and sporadically in Indonesia. Small population introduced to Australia
Bos mutus (Wild Yak)
Historically found in China and India.
Believed to be extinct in all countries except China
Bos sauveli (Grey Ox/Kouprey)
IUCN: Critically Endangered
Found in Cambodia and southern Laos
Bubalus arnee (Indian Water Buffalo)
Found in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand and Cambodia; all extremely fragmented