Holstein Cattle

Bos taurus

Mammal | Originated in the Netherlands

Animal Info

Holsteins are one of the most easily recognizable dairy cows in the world.

Cutie Pie, our resident Holstein, loves attention and people. She can almost always be found at her fence line waiting to greet visitors!

There are over 9 million dairy cows in the U.S., with approximately 90% of them being of Holstein decent. Holstein cows give more milk than any other dairy breed in the U.S. The average Holstein cow produces around 23,000 pounds of milk, or 2,674 gallons, each lactation. With a standard lactation lasting 305 days, that comes out to 75 pounds, or almost 9 gallons of milk per cow per day.

Lifespan of a dairy cow may exceed 20 years.

Diet

In the wild: Not found in the wild; cattle ancestors would have eaten grasses and similar plant matter

At the Zoo: Hay and high fiber grain 

Habitat

Only found in captivity, this animal can graze in fields and grasslands

Conservation Status

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) – not evaluated