Kinosternon scorpioides albogulareturtlemud port1

Family

  • Kinosternidae

Lifespan

  • There is limited information for the longevity of this species
  • Our white-throated mud slider, Ox, is about 10 years old as of 2016

Size

  • Male average carapace length: 5.3-5.9 inches
  • Female average carapace length: 5-5.5 inches

Range

  • Colombia, the Colombian island of San Andrés, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama

Habitat

  • Small of large freshwater ponds with vegetation and macrophytes, slow running streams, swamps, floodable mangrove forests that are not permanently connected to the sea.

Diet

  • Omnivorous
  • Occasionally a scavenger
  • In the wild: fruits, terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates (molluscs and arthropods), and dipteran larvae, which is common prey

Reproductionturtlemud fb1

  • Courtship and mating happen twice a year, in roughly January and July depending on region.
  • Understanding of their reproduction is limited
  • Usually laying 2-5 eggs per clutch, but 1-6 possible
  • Eggs incubation for 111-194 days
  • Eggs are around 1.2 x 0.6 inches

Special adaptations

  • Like all turtles they have a hard outer shell that helps them avoid being eaten
  • Plastron has two kinetic hinges generally with lobes, able to completely close ventral openings of the shell

Interesting facts

  • This species is host to at least 4 different species of nematode parasites in the wild

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Not Evaluated
  • Extant populations have limited contact with humans, some of their population is within already protected areas, and they have a high population density; therefore are not considered threatened.

Sources

  1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  2. Kinosternon scorpioides albogulare White-Throated Mud Turtle, Swanka Turtle [Forero-Medina, German. Castaño-Mora, Olga V., et al]. December 31, 2011. Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/wp-content/uploads/file/Accounts/crm_5_064_albogulare_v1_2011.pdf
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

Trachemys scripta elegansturtleres port1

Family

  • Emydidae

Lifespan

  • Up to 30 years

Size

  • Male shell length: ~11.5 inches
  • Female shell length: ~9.5 inches

Range

  • Native to Southeastern United States, but as a result of their popularity in the pet trade, their eventual escape of release from captivity improperly has resulted in this turtle being found on all continents except Antarctica.

Habitat

  • Shallow, slow-moving freshwater with abundant plant life.

Diet

  • Omnivorous. Though young tend to be more carnivorous and adults tend to be more herbivorous.

Reproductionturtleres fb2

  • Oviparous, egg laying.
  • Females dig a jug-shaped nest in damp soil. Traveling over up to half a mile to find a suitable nesting site
  • Females lay 5-20 eggs per clutch
  • Up to three clutches per year
  • Eggs hatch after incubating for 60-91 days

Interesting facts

  • Considered one of the top 100 invasive species of the world

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Least concern

Sources

  1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  2. Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed January 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/1242026/overview
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

Cacatua sulphureacockatoosc port1

Family

  • Psittacidae

Lifespan

  • In captivity up to 49.7 years
  • Unconfirmed anecdotal reports of over 100 years

Size

  • Length: 12-14 inches

Range

  • Found in the central archipelagos of Indonesia and on East Timor
  • Was once widespread and common in the 19th Century but by the 1980s had undergone a rapid decline and was vanishing from most areas of its former range.

Habitat

  • Forest savannah, forest edge, scrub, and agricultural areas

Diet

  • In the wild: Fruit, flowers, and seeds

Reproduction

  • Mating season is from September to May.

Special adaptations

  • Calls are laud and vry raucous. Often gives a single harsh screech but also sweeter whistles and squeaky notes.

Interesting facts

  • Because of their small size, these birds are targeted by the illegal pet trade; this has had a devastating effect on their population and continues to be a problem to date.

Conservation status

  • CITES –Appendix I
  • IUCN –Critically Endangered

Sources

    1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
    2. ARKive.org. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.arkive.org/yellow-crested-cockatoo/cacatua-sulphurea/
    3. Bird Life.org Accessed February, 2016.http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22684777
    4. Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed January 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/328660/details
    5. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/searchcockatoosc fb1

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

 Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni

turtlecaw port1

Family

  • Geoemydidae

Lifespan

  • In the wild: 30+ years
  • In captivity: On average 1 year. Seldom does well in captivity. Record age 20.4 years

Size

  • Male Length: ~7 inches
  • Females Length: ~8 inches

Range

  • Central America: Southern Nicaragua to Northwest Costa Rica

Habitat

  • Damp woodlands, terrestrial lowlands, clearings near water sources

Diet

  • In the wild: Wild flowers, fruit, grasses, fish, worms, and insects
  • At the zoo: Greens, crickets, mealworms, fresh water turtle diet, mixed produce

Reproduction

  • Oviparous, egg laying
  • Male head bobbling is common in courtship, also follows females and "noses her tail and shell
  • Eggs are laid between May and December, usually in soil or leaf litter
  • Clutch size 3-5 eggs with an average of 4 clutches per year
  • Temperature sex determination, 24-27 degrees celsius produces males, 27-30 degrees celsius can produce both males and females, and temperatures above 30 degrees celsius produce females

Interesting facts

  • These turtles do not do well in captivity. Their health rapidly deteriorates. An exact cause is yet to be determined.
  • One of four subspecies of the painted wood turtles
  • One of the most colorful of the painted wood turtles
  • Serves as a biological control of agricultural pests, especially insects

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Not Listed

Sources

  1. Animal Diversity Web. Accessed February 2016. http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Rhinoclemmys_pulcherrima/
  2. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  3. Encyclopedia of Life.org Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/790816/overview
  4. Encyclopedia of Life.org Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/1275188/overview
  5. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/searchturtlecaw fb1

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

Ara militarismacawm port1

Family

  • Psittidae

Lifespan

  • In captivity up to 46 years

Size

  • Length: ~27 inches

Range

  • A fragmented range spanning from Mexico to Argentine

Habitat

  • Humid lowland forest and adjacent cleared areas, wooded foothills and canyons

Diet

  • In the wild: Seeds, nuts, berries and fruit

Reproduction

  • Breeding season in Mexico is June
  • Lay a clutch of 2-3 eggs
  • Nest on cliff-faces or large trees for protection

Conservation status

  • CITES –Appendix I
  • IUCN –Vulnerable

Sources

  1. AnAge The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database. Ara militaris Entry. Accessed February, 2016. http://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Ara_militaris
  2. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  3. ARKive.org Miliarty Macaw Fact Sheet. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.arkive.org/military-macaw/ara-militaris/
  4. BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Ara militaris. Accessed February, 2016 http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=1549
  5. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

macawm fb1

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.