Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni

turtlecaw port1


  • Geoemydidae


  • In the wild: 30+ years
  • In captivity: On average 1 year. Seldom does well in captivity. Record age 20.4 years


  • Male Length: ~7 inches
  • Females Length: ~8 inches


  • Central America: Southern Nicaragua to Northwest Costa Rica


  • Damp woodlands, terrestrial lowlands, clearings near water sources


  • In the wild: Wild flowers, fruit, grasses, fish, worms, and insects
  • At the zoo: Greens, crickets, mealworms, fresh water turtle diet, mixed produce


  • Oviparous, egg laying
  • Male head bobbling is common in courtship, also follows females and "noses her tail and shell
  • Eggs are laid between May and December, usually in soil or leaf litter
  • Clutch size 3-5 eggs with an average of 4 clutches per year
  • Temperature sex determination, 24-27 degrees celsius produces males, 27-30 degrees celsius can produce both males and females, and temperatures above 30 degrees celsius produce females

Interesting facts

  • These turtles do not do well in captivity. Their health rapidly deteriorates. An exact cause is yet to be determined.
  • One of four subspecies of the painted wood turtles
  • One of the most colorful of the painted wood turtles
  • Serves as a biological control of agricultural pests, especially insects

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Not Listed


  1. Animal Diversity Web. Accessed February 2016. http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Rhinoclemmys_pulcherrima/
  2. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  3. Encyclopedia of Life.org Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/790816/overview
  4. Encyclopedia of Life.org Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/1275188/overview
  5. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/searchturtlecaw fb1

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.