Gallus gallus chicken do2

Family

  • Phasianidae

Lifespan

  • 8-10 years

Size

  • Weight Male:  7 lbs
  • Weight Female: 5 lbs

Origin

  • Domestic chickens are bred in many places
  • All domestic chickens are descendents of the Red Jungle Fowl

Habitat

  • A hearty breed that can survive as both free range and confined, in hot and humid climates

Diet

  • Wild: Omnivore, eating seeds and insects
  • Zoo:  Mazuri brand Gamebird chow and greens

Reproduction

  • Chickens lay eggs like all birds.
  • Known for their egg laying abilities, a Dominique Chicken can lay 203 to 275 eggs a year
  • Chickens reach sexual maturity around 18 months.
  • Clutch size can vary depending on breed, age, health, and nutrition.
    • Newly hatched chicks are moist and covered in downy feathers.
    • Chicks will flock near their mother for protection until reaching adult size.

Special adaptationschicken do1

  • Chickens have a comb and waddle, red skin flaps on the top of their head and under their beak, which help dissipate heat
  • Roosters will have a larger comb and waddle which are a form of ornamentation.  Roosters with larger combs and waddles tend to appear more attractive to hens
  • Some bantam chicken breeds are considered a "fancy chicken" and will have ornamental feathers surrounding their feet

Facts/info

  • Domestic chickens are too large to fly, but can glide and perch on tall objects
  • Chickens love the occasional worm or bug and will scratch at the ground in hopes of uncovering a tasty treat
  • It is believed that the breed name may have come from its origins in St. Domingue, now Haiti, where the breed may have obtained some of its origins

Conservation status

  • IUCN: Not Evaluated
  • CITES: Not Listed
  • The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC) has this breed listed on conservation WATCH.
  • As a domestic species, the chicken is not listed under protective status

Sources

  1. Henderson, John R. Henderson’s Handy Dandy Chicken Chart. Accessed November 29, 2009 http://www.ithaca.edu/staff/jhenderson/chooks/chooks.html
  2. Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758). Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed November 29, 2009 http://www.eol.org/pages/1049263
  3. CITES Appendices. Accessed December 2012. www.cites.org
  4. IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. Accessed December 2012. www.iucnredlist.org
  5. Slow Food USA. Accessed August 18, 2012. www.slowfoodusa.org/index.php/programs/ark_product_detail/dominique_chicken/

 

 

Lama pacosAlpaca

Family

  • Camelidae

Lifespan

  • Up to 20 years

Size

  • Height - Up to 4 feet at the shoulders
  • Weight - 120-145 pounds

Origin

  • Peru, Western Bolivia, Northern Chile along the Andes Mountain chain
    • However, there are no wild Alpacas

Habitat

  • Mountains, grasslands, plateaus, and shrub lands

Diet

  • Wild - Grasses, herbs, shrubs, lichens, and other plant matter
  • Zoo - Mazuri llama chow and hay

Reproduction

  • The alpaca bears 1 young after an 11-month gestation period. Alpacas breed every other year.

Special adaptations

  • The blood of Camelids, including the Alpaca, is especially efficient in carrying oxygen, which is less abundant in the high altitudes of their habitat. In fact, members of the camel family are the only mammals that have oval red blood cells for this purpose.
  • Thick wool enables the alpaca to survive below-freezing temperatures.
  • Alpacas (and other American Camelids) walk on pads at the end of their toes instead of their hooves, which makes it easier for them to travel over rocky or sandy ground.

Facts/info

  • The mouth has a divided upper lip and continuously growing teeth, allowing the alpaca to graze on tough grasses.
  • Alpacas are ruminants, meaning they re-chew their food after it has passed through some of the three chambers of their stomach before digesting it again. This process allows them to get the maximum nutrients from their food.
  • Alpacas have been domesticated for over 2,000 years. They were first bred by the Incas in about 500 B.C., and used for their milk, wool, meat and skin. Alpaca wool is still highly prized today.

Conservation statusAlpaca with Llama in background

  • IUCN: Not Evaluated
  • CITES: Not listed

Sources

  1. CITES Appendices. Accessed December 2012. www.cites.org
  2. IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. Accessed December 2012. www.iucnredlist.org

You Can

Sponsor the Animals for a Day!

capuchin$760 Sponsors the Animals for 1 day

penguin $500 Buys enough fish to feed the Penguins for 2 months

tortoise$250 Covers the Cost of 2 Outreach Programs for schools or nursing homes

wolf $100 Feeds the Carnivores meat for 1 week

boy $50 Pays for Zoo Admission for 7 children.

Any amount makes a difference!

  

donate

 

To adopt an animal for one full year please click here

Zoo Season and Hours:
Check the Event Calendar for Special Events

2013 season: April 1 through October 18 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Daily