Odocoileus virginianusdeer

Family

  • Cervidae

Lifespan

  • Most white-tail deer live 2-3 years in the wild
  • Maximum lifespan in the wild is 20 years, but very few live past 10 years
  • Average lifespan in captivity 16 years, but as long as 23 has been recorded

Size

  • Height: 31.5-39.4 inches at the shoulder
  • Length: 5.25-7.25 feet
  • Weight: 125.5-301.8 pounds

Range

  • Most of southern Canada, all of the continental United States except a few states in the west, throughout Central America to Bolivia

Habitat

  • Very wide range of potential habitats
  • Big woods, deep saw grass, hammock swamps, farmlands, brushy areas, cactus and thornbrush deserts
  • Ideal habitat would contain dense thickets to hide in, and edges, to provide food

Diet

  • Herbivore
  • In eastern forests: buds and twigs of maple, sassafras, poplar, aspen, and birch as well as many types of shrubs
  • In deserts: huajillo brush, yucca, prickly pear cactus, comal, ratama, and various tough shrubs
  • Conifers are utilized in the winter when food is scarce

Reproduction

  • Polygynous
  • Mating occurs from October to December
  • Gestation approximately 6 and a half months
  • Fawns are able to walk at birth and nibble on vegetation within days
  • The first time a doe has a litter, typically only one offspring is born, but in subsequent years 2 through as many as 4 fawns can be born at a time

Special adaptations

  • Characteristic white tail, very easy to see them as they run away with their tail up
  • Able to run at speeds up to 30 mph through tangled terrain in a forest

Interesting facts

  • White-tailed deer are the shyest most skittish of the deer
  • They are remarkable swimmers, often going into large bodies of water to escape terrestrial predators and bothersome insects, or to reach remote islands with potentially untapped food resources

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not evaluated
  • IUCN –Least concern

Sources

  1. Animal Diversity Web. Accessed February 2016. http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Odocoileus_virginianus/
  2. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

Kinosternon scorpioides albogulareturtlemud port1

Family

  • Kinosternidae

Lifespan

  • There is limited information for the longevity of this species
  • Our white-throated mud slider, Ox, is about 10 years old as of 2016

Size

  • Male average carapace length: 5.3-5.9 inches
  • Female average carapace length: 5-5.5 inches

Range

  • Colombia, the Colombian island of San Andrés, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama

Habitat

  • Small of large freshwater ponds with vegetation and macrophytes, slow running streams, swamps, floodable mangrove forests that are not permanently connected to the sea.

Diet

  • Omnivorous
  • Occasionally a scavenger
  • In the wild: fruits, terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates (molluscs and arthropods), and dipteran larvae, which is common prey

Reproductionturtlemud fb1

  • Courtship and mating happen twice a year, in roughly January and July depending on region.
  • Understanding of their reproduction is limited
  • Usually laying 2-5 eggs per clutch, but 1-6 possible
  • Eggs incubation for 111-194 days
  • Eggs are around 1.2 x 0.6 inches

Special adaptations

  • Like all turtles they have a hard outer shell that helps them avoid being eaten
  • Plastron has two kinetic hinges generally with lobes, able to completely close ventral openings of the shell

Interesting facts

  • This species is host to at least 4 different species of nematode parasites in the wild

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Not Evaluated
  • Extant populations have limited contact with humans, some of their population is within already protected areas, and they have a high population density; therefore are not considered threatened.

Sources

  1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  2. Kinosternon scorpioides albogulare White-Throated Mud Turtle, Swanka Turtle [Forero-Medina, German. Castaño-Mora, Olga V., et al]. December 31, 2011. Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/wp-content/uploads/file/Accounts/crm_5_064_albogulare_v1_2011.pdf
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

Gallus gallus domesticusOrpington1

Family

  • Phasianidae

Common Name

  • Orpington Chicken

Lifespan

  • Average 8 years

Size

  • Weight: Males – 10 pounds Females - 8 pounds

Range

  • A domestic, hearty chicken that is found living alongside humans

Diet

  • Omnivores
  • In the wild: Insects and seeds
  • At the zoo: Game bird chow

ReproductionOrpington2

  • The eggs produced are light to dark brown
  • On average lay up to 200 eggs a year

Interesting facts

  • Bred in Orpington, England by William Cook in 1886
  • Spread to America in 1903
  • Favored for its growth rate, egg laying rate, and table-top characteristics

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Not Evaluated

Sources

  1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  2. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search
  3. Livestock Conservancy.org Orpington Chicken Breed Facts. Accessed February, 2016. http://www.livestockconservancy.org/index.php/heritage/internal/orpington

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.

Trachemys scripta elegansturtleres port1

Family

  • Emydidae

Lifespan

  • Up to 30 years

Size

  • Male shell length: ~11.5 inches
  • Female shell length: ~9.5 inches

Range

  • Native to Southeastern United States, but as a result of their popularity in the pet trade, their eventual escape of release from captivity improperly has resulted in this turtle being found on all continents except Antarctica.

Habitat

  • Shallow, slow-moving freshwater with abundant plant life.

Diet

  • Omnivorous. Though young tend to be more carnivorous and adults tend to be more herbivorous.

Reproductionturtleres fb2

  • Oviparous, egg laying.
  • Females dig a jug-shaped nest in damp soil. Traveling over up to half a mile to find a suitable nesting site
  • Females lay 5-20 eggs per clutch
  • Up to three clutches per year
  • Eggs hatch after incubating for 60-91 days

Interesting facts

  • Considered one of the top 100 invasive species of the world

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Least concern

Sources

  1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  2. Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed January 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/1242026/overview
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.