Kinosternon scorpioides albogulareturtlemud port1


  • Kinosternidae


  • There is limited information for the longevity of this species
  • Our white-throated mud slider, Ox, is about 10 years old as of 2016


  • Male average carapace length: 5.3-5.9 inches
  • Female average carapace length: 5-5.5 inches


  • Colombia, the Colombian island of San Andrés, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama


  • Small of large freshwater ponds with vegetation and macrophytes, slow running streams, swamps, floodable mangrove forests that are not permanently connected to the sea.


  • Omnivorous
  • Occasionally a scavenger
  • In the wild: fruits, terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates (molluscs and arthropods), and dipteran larvae, which is common prey

Reproductionturtlemud fb1

  • Courtship and mating happen twice a year, in roughly January and July depending on region.
  • Understanding of their reproduction is limited
  • Usually laying 2-5 eggs per clutch, but 1-6 possible
  • Eggs incubation for 111-194 days
  • Eggs are around 1.2 x 0.6 inches

Special adaptations

  • Like all turtles they have a hard outer shell that helps them avoid being eaten
  • Plastron has two kinetic hinges generally with lobes, able to completely close ventral openings of the shell

Interesting facts

  • This species is host to at least 4 different species of nematode parasites in the wild

Conservation status

  • CITES –Not Listed
  • IUCN –Not Evaluated
  • Extant populations have limited contact with humans, some of their population is within already protected areas, and they have a high population density; therefore are not considered threatened.


  1. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016.
  2. Kinosternon scorpioides albogulare White-Throated Mud Turtle, Swanka Turtle [Forero-Medina, German. Castaño-Mora, Olga V., et al]. December 31, 2011. Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5. Accessed February, 2016.
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016.

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.