Gallus gallus chicken do2

Family

  • Phasianidae

Lifespan

  • 8-10 years

Size

  • Weight Male:  7 lbs
  • Weight Female: 5 lbs

Origin

  • Domestic chickens are bred in many places
  • All domestic chickens are descendents of the Red Jungle Fowl

Habitat

  • A hearty breed that can survive as both free range and confined, in hot and humid climates

Diet

  • Wild: Omnivore, eating seeds and insects
  • Zoo:  Mazuri brand Gamebird chow and greens

Reproduction

  • Chickens lay eggs like all birds.
  • Known for their egg laying abilities, a Dominique Chicken can lay 203 to 275 eggs a year
  • Chickens reach sexual maturity around 18 months.
  • Clutch size can vary depending on breed, age, health, and nutrition.
    • Newly hatched chicks are moist and covered in downy feathers.
    • Chicks will flock near their mother for protection until reaching adult size.

Special adaptationschicken do1

  • Chickens have a comb and waddle, red skin flaps on the top of their head and under their beak, which help dissipate heat
  • Roosters will have a larger comb and waddle which are a form of ornamentation.  Roosters with larger combs and waddles tend to appear more attractive to hens
  • Some bantam chicken breeds are considered a "fancy chicken" and will have ornamental feathers surrounding their feet

Facts/info

  • Domestic chickens are too large to fly, but can glide and perch on tall objects
  • Chickens love the occasional worm or bug and will scratch at the ground in hopes of uncovering a tasty treat
  • It is believed that the breed name may have come from its origins in St. Domingue, now Haiti, where the breed may have obtained some of its origins

Conservation status

  • IUCN: Not Evaluated
  • CITES: Not Listed
  • The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC) has this breed listed on conservation WATCH.
  • As a domestic species, the chicken is not listed under protective status

Sources

  1. Henderson, John R. Henderson’s Handy Dandy Chicken Chart. Accessed November 29, 2009 http://www.ithaca.edu/staff/jhenderson/chooks/chooks.html
  2. Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758). Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed November 29, 2009 http://www.eol.org/pages/1049263
  3. CITES Appendices. Accessed December 2012. www.cites.org
  4. IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. Accessed December 2012. www.iucnredlist.org
  5. Slow Food USA. Accessed August 18, 2012. www.slowfoodusa.org/index.php/programs/ark_product_detail/dominique_chicken/