Gallus gallus chicken do2

Family

  • Phasianidae

Lifespan

  • 8-10 years

Size

  • Weight Male:  7 lbs
  • Weight Female: 5 lbs

Origin

  • Domestic chickens are bred in many places
  • All domestic chickens are descendents of the Red Jungle Fowl

Habitat

  • A hearty breed that can survive as both free range and confined, in hot and humid climates

Diet

  • Wild: Omnivore, eating seeds and insects
  • Zoo:  Mazuri brand Gamebird chow and greens

Reproduction

  • Chickens lay eggs like all birds.
  • Known for their egg laying abilities, a Dominique Chicken can lay 203 to 275 eggs a year
  • Chickens reach sexual maturity around 18 months.
  • Clutch size can vary depending on breed, age, health, and nutrition.
    • Newly hatched chicks are moist and covered in downy feathers.
    • Chicks will flock near their mother for protection until reaching adult size.

Special adaptationschicken do1

  • Chickens have a comb and waddle, red skin flaps on the top of their head and under their beak, which help dissipate heat
  • Roosters will have a larger comb and waddle which are a form of ornamentation.  Roosters with larger combs and waddles tend to appear more attractive to hens
  • Some bantam chicken breeds are considered a "fancy chicken" and will have ornamental feathers surrounding their feet

Facts/info

  • Domestic chickens are too large to fly, but can glide and perch on tall objects
  • Chickens love the occasional worm or bug and will scratch at the ground in hopes of uncovering a tasty treat
  • It is believed that the breed name may have come from its origins in St. Domingue, now Haiti, where the breed may have obtained some of its origins

Conservation status

  • IUCN: Not Evaluated
  • CITES: Not Listed
  • The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC) has this breed listed on conservation WATCH.
  • As a domestic species, the chicken is not listed under protective status

Sources

  1. Henderson, John R. Henderson’s Handy Dandy Chicken Chart. Accessed November 29, 2009 http://www.ithaca.edu/staff/jhenderson/chooks/chooks.html
  2. Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758). Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed November 29, 2009 http://www.eol.org/pages/1049263
  3. CITES Appendices. Accessed December 2012. www.cites.org
  4. IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. Accessed December 2012. www.iucnredlist.org
  5. Slow Food USA. Accessed August 18, 2012. www.slowfoodusa.org/index.php/programs/ark_product_detail/dominique_chicken/

**All animal information is meant to be an educational resource. It may not include all the latest scientific information. Though we edit our information we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all facts presented.