Capra hircus Alpine Goat

Family

  • Bovidae

Lifespan

  • 15-18 years
  • 20+ years not uncommon

Size

  • Height at shoulder: Males- 34-40 inches. Females- At least 30 inches.
  • Weight: Males- At least 170 pounds. Females- At least 135 pounds

Range

  • Alpine goats were bred in the European Alps mountain range, especially France
  • Because they are domesticated, alpine goats can be found most places there are humans.

Habitat

  • Mountainous grasslands, shrub lands, and plateaus

Diet

  • In the wild: Grasses, herbs, lichens, and other plant matter
  • at the zoo: Mazuri goat chow and hay

Reproduction

  • Twins are typically born, single and triple births being the next common.goat a face 1
  • Gestation lasts about 150 days (about 4 ½ months).

Special adaptations

  • Goats have horizontal slit pupils which increase their peripheral depth perception
  • Alpines have excellent balance, which aid them in climbing along their rocky native lands
  • Goats are able to climb nearly vertical cliff faces
  • Alpines are one of the hardiest and easily adaptable breeds, making them a favorite among goat breeders

Interesting facts

  • Goats are thought to be one of the first animals domesticated by man, some 9,000 years ago.
  • The alpine breed are excellent milk-producing goats
  • Their playful nature can be seen as Bandit and Buttons, our 2 Alpine goats, chase each other around their yard and butt heads – a common form of play and dominance displayed in goats
  • The Alpine breed has no determined color and can be found in white, bay, brown, fawn, red, saffron, and caramel.
  • Males typically have a pronounced beard as well as a patch of raised hair along their neck.
  • Goats are highly curious and easily trainable.
  • Males and females of this breed can produce horns.

Conservation status

  • CITES –Appendix III
  • IUCN –Not Evaluated

Sources

  1. Animal Diversity Web. Accessed January 2016. http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Capra_hircus/
  2. Appendices I, II, and III of CITES. (February 5, 2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  3. Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed January 2016. http://www.eol.org/pages/328660/details
  4. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Accessed January 2016. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

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